1. Undergraduate degree

    You must have at least a Bachelor’s diploma, preferably in economics, econometrics, mathematics, or physics. The Bachelor’s program should have been completed before the start of the MPhil program.

  2. GRE

    Valid GRE (revised) General Test results are required from all (including Dutch) applicants. (all 3 sections: Verbal Reasoning, Quantitative Reasoning and Analytical Writing). Successful applicants typically perform among the top-10% of test-takers on the quantitative part of the GRE; applicants with a Q score below 160 will not be considered.
    Tinbergen Institute’s code number for the GRE is 3811.

  3. Language

    An excellent command of English is crucial. Students whose native language is not English are therefore required to demonstrate English proficiency in one of two ways:
    – by holding a degree from a Dutch university or an institution at which English is the language of instruction, or
    – by scoring at least 100 on the TOEFL iBT test or 7 on the IELTS test.
    Tinbergen Institute’s code number for the TOEFL is 3811.

    Note: Chinese nationals should meet the institute’s TOEFL iBT or IELTS requirement; this is a condition for obtaining a NUFFIC Certificate. Chinese nationals (unless already enrolled at a university in the Netherlands) are required to register with the NUFFIC in Beijing to obtain a NUFFIC Certificate (see FAQs for more information).

  4. Strong motivation

    Students should be strongly motivated to pursue a PhD in economics, econometrics or finance at the Institute. Such motivation will be assessed by a written Statement of Research Interests and Purpose of Study.

  5. Recommendations

    You will need to provide names and email addresses of two individuals who are prepared to act as references and who will support your capability and aspirations.

  6. An interview may be part of the selection process

    Other admission criteria being equal, preference is given to candidates who show capacity for higher academic performance.


Also see: supporting material.