# 11-129/3 (2011-09-15)

Thomas de Graaff, VU University Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands; Frank G. van Oort, Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency, The Hague, and Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands; Raymond J.G.M. Florax, VU University Amsterdam; d Department of Agricultural Economics, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, United States
Spatial planning, population-employment dynamics, sectoral decomposition, agglomeration externalities, spatial econometrics
JEL codes:
C31, R11, R41, R58

This discussion paper resulted in a publication in the 'Journal of Regional Science'.

An important subset of the literature on agglomeration externalities hypothesizes that intrasectoral and intersectoral relations are endogenously determined in models of local and regional economic growth. Remarkably, structural adjustment models describing the spatio-temporal dynamics of population and employment levels or growth traditionally do not include intersectoral economic dynamics. This paper argues and shows that allowing for economic linkages across sectors in these models adds considerable value, especially in forecasting. An econometric model of population-employment dynamics in which sectoral variations in economic development are explicitly taken into account is applied to a large urban planning policy proposal in The Netherlands. The empirical analyses suggest that population dynamics are largely exogenous, population changes drive employment in particular in the industry and retail sectors, and employment in all sectors depends strongly on intersectoral dynamics. Intersectoral dynamics appear as important drivers of regional sectoral employment changes; they are even more important than population changes, and their effect shows up clearly even within the Dutch institutional context where strict regulatory housing and planning restrictions are enforced.