# 15-086/III (2015-07-24)

Francine Gresnigt, Erasmus University Rotterdam, the Netherlands; Erik Kole, Erasmus University Rotterdam, the Netherlands; Philip Hans Franses, Erasmus University Rotterdam, the Netherlands
Hawkes processes, specification tests, extremal dependence, financial crashes
JEL codes:
C12, C22, C32, C52

We propose various specification tests for Hawkes models based on the Lagrange Multiplier (LM) principle. Hawkes models can be used to model the occurrence of extreme events in financial markets. Our specific testing focus is on extending a univariate model to a multivariate model, that is, we examine whether there is a conditional dependence between extreme events in markets. Simulations show that the test has good size and power, in particular for sample sizes that are typically encountered in practice. Applying the specification test for dependence
to US stocks, bonds and exchange rate data, we find strong evidence for cross-excitation within segments as well as between segments. Therefore, we recommend that univariate Hawkes models be extended to account for the cross-triggering phenomenon.