# 16-029/III (2016-04-22)

Author(s)
Gabriele Galati, De Nederlandsche Bank DNB, the Netherlands; Irma Hindrayanto, De Nederlandsche Bank DNB, the Netherlands; Siem Jan Koopman, VU University Amsterdam, the Netherlands; Marente Vlekke, Centraal Planbureau CPB, The Hague, the Netherlands
Keywords:
unobserved components time series model, Kalman filter, maximum likelihood estimation, band-pass filter, medium-term cycles
JEL codes:
C22, C32, E30, E50, E51, G01

We adopt an unobserved components time series model to extract financial cycles for the United States and the five largest euro area countries over the period 1970 to 2014. We find that credit, the credit-to-GDP ratio and house prices have medium-term cycles which share a few common statistical properties. We show that financial cycles are longer and more ample than business cycles, and that their length and amplitude vary over time and across countries.