# 16-097/VIII (2016-11-15)

Author(s)
Ralph De Haas, European Bank for Reconstruction and Development and Tilburg University, The Netherlands; Steven Poelhekke, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, and De Nederlandsche Bank, The Netherlands
Keywords:
Mining; natural resources; business environment
JEL codes:
L16, L25, L72, O12, O13, Q30

We estimate the impact of local mining activity on the business constraints experienced by 22,150 firms across eight resource-rich countries. We find that with the presence of active mines, the business environment in the immediate vicinity (<20 km) of a firm deteriorates but business constraints of more distant firms relax. The negative local impact of mining is concentrated among firms in tradeable sectors whose access to inputs and infrastructure becomes more constrained. This deterioration of the local business environment adversely affects firm growth and is in line with a natural resource curse at the sub-national level.