# 17-093/V (2017-09-29)

Author(s)
Jan C. van Ours, Erasmus University Rotterdam; Tinbergen Institute, The Netherlands
Keywords:
Professional football, unfair competition, artificial pitch, home advantage
JEL codes:
Z21, L83

In the Netherlands, in the top tier of professional football some teams play their home matches on an artificial pitch while other teams play their home matches on natural grass. This paper investigates whether or not home teams who play on an artificial pitch have an additional home advantage to the regular home advantage. The main finding is, that this is indeed the case. This implies that artificial pitches generate an unfair home advantage in a competitive sport.