Congratulations to fellow Albert J. Menkveld and TI alumnus Bart Zhou Yueshen (with Haoxiang Zhu) whose article ‘Shades of Darkness: A Pecking Order of Trading Venues’ has been published in the Journal of Financial Economics (June 2017). Read full article here.
We characterize the dynamic fragmentation of U.S. equity markets using a unique data set that disaggregates dark transactions by venue types. The “pecking order” hypothesis of trading venues states that investors “sort” various venue types, putting low-cost-low-immediacy venues on top and high-cost-high-immediacy venues at the bottom. Hence, midpoint dark pools on top, non-midpoint dark pools in the middle, and lit markets at the bottom. As predicted, following VIX shocks, macroeconomic news, and firms’ earnings surprises, changes in venue market shares become progressively more positive (or less negative) down the pecking order. We further document heterogeneity across dark venue types and stock size groups.