• Graduate program
    • Why Tinbergen Institute?
    • Program Structure
    • Courses
    • Course Registration
    • Facilities
    • Admissions
    • Recent PhD Placements
  • Research
  • News
  • Events
    • Summer School
      • Inequalities in Health and Healthcare
      • Research on Productivity, Trade, and Growth
      • Behavioral Macro and Complexity
    • Events Calendar
    • Tinbergen Institute Lectures
    • Annual Tinbergen Institute Conference
    • Events Archive
  • Alumni
  • Times
Home | People | Raymond Gradus

Raymond Gradus

Research Fellow

Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam
Research field
Spatial Economics
Accounting, Environmental Economics, Labor, Public Economics, Public Finance

List of publications

Gradus, R. (2020). Postcollection separation of plastic recycling and design-for-recycling as solutions to low cost-effectiveness and plastic debris Sustainability, 12(20):1--12.

Dijkgraaf, E. and Gradus, R.H.J.M. (2017). An EU Recycling Target: What Does the Dutch Evidence Tell Us? Environmental and Resource Economics, 68(3):501--526.

Gradus, R.H.J.M., Koppen van, R., Dijkgraaf, E. and Nillesen, P.H.L. (2017). A Cost-Effectiveness Analysis for Incineration or Recycling of Dutch Household Plastics Ecological Economics, 135:22--28.

Bel, G. and Gradus, R. (2016). Effects of unit-based pricing on household waste collection demand: A meta-regression analysis Resource and Energy Economics, 44(May):169--182.

Dijkgraaf, E. and Gradus, R. (2015). Efficiency Effects of Unit-based Pricing Systems and Institutional Choices of Waste Collection Environmental and Resource Economics, 61(4):641--658.

Gradus, R. and van Sonsbeek, J.M. (2013). Estimating the effect of recent disability reforms in the Netherlands Oxford Economic Papers, 65(4):832--855.

Dijkgraaf, E., Gradus, R.H.J.M. and de Jong, M. (2013). Competition and educational quality: Evidence from the Netherlands Empirica, 40(4):607--634.

Dijkgraaf, E. and Gradus, R.H.J.M. (2013). Cost advantage cooperations larger than private waste collectors Applied Economics Letters, 20(7):702--705.

Gradus, R. and Dijkgraaf, E. (2009). Environmental activism and dynamics of unit-based pricing Resource and Energy Economics, 31(1):13--23.

Gradus, R. and Dijkgraaf, E. (2008). Per-unit garbages charges Journal of Economic Perspectives, 22:243--244.

Dijkgraaf, E. and Gradus, R. (2007). Explaining Sunday shop policies De Economist, 155:207--219.

Gradus, R. and Dijkgraaf, E. (2007). Fair competition in refuse collection market Applied Economics Letters, 14:701--704.

Gradus, R. and van Sonsbeek, J.M. (2006). A microsimulation analysis of the 2006 regime of Dutch disability scheme Economic Modelling, 23:427--456.

Gradus, R. and Dijkgraaf, E. (2004). Cost savings of unit-based pricing of household waste: The case of the Netherlands Resource and Energy Economics, 26:353--371.