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van Ommeren, J. and Wentink, D. (2012). The (hidden) costs of employer parking policies. International Economic Review, 53(3):965-978.


  • Journal
    International Economic Review

It has been argued that distortionary tax policies, which stipulate that employer parking is not taxed as a benefit in kind, as well as minimum parking requirements induce welfare losses. Using Dutch data, we show that current tax policies induce welfare losses of about 10{%} of employer parking resource costs. Hypothetical minimum parking requirements for employers, at levels currently applied in the United States, induce an additional deadweight loss of 18{%} of employer parking resource costs. © (2012) by the Economics Department of the University of Pennsylvania and the Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association.